Training Course Syllabus

Day-1 Programme

Technical Parameter To judge pre-knowledge assessment of trainees
Day1-TP-1 Trainee Need Analysis: Training need analysis of the trainees will be analysed soon after registration through a questionnaire, collection of basic information of the trainees and by SWOT analysis. The trainee would briefly explain about his current farm practices, procedures and future farming plans.
Day1-TP-2 Trainee should be able to list different types/methods of Natural Farming practices.
Day1-TP-3 Trainee should be able to list the challenges of different types/methods Natural Farming practices.
Day1-TP-4 Trainee should be able to record impressions of the field visit in a format which is to be developed for the purpose.


S.No Subject Topics to be Covered
1. 1.1. Principles of nutrient management through processes of nature, Zebu Cattle (Nitrate formation by lightning, plant waste recycling). i) Nutrient Management through processes of nature
ii) Principles of ZBNF
1.2 Principles of nutrient management, role of micro-organisms i) Use of biofertilizers for crop nutrition
ii) Production technology and availability of biofertilizers and liquid manures
iii) Changes in physical, microbiological and chemical properties of soil. Changes in produce quality
2. 2.1. GAU KRISHI ADHIRAKSHINI SIDHANT (Zebu cattle based conservational agriculture), including focus on its breed conservation; understanding the issue of A1-A2 milk with production methods of other Panchgavya products including proper method of cow urine collection and treatments of cattle diseases i. Meaning of Gau Krishi Adhirkshini
ii. Principles of Gau Krishi Adhirakshini
iii. The A1-A2 Controversy?
iv. Principles and practices e of Panchgavya-Sidhant A-2 Milk
v. The main challenges for the survival of endogenous Zebu Cattle breeds and their conservation.
vi. Principles and Practices of creating Unnat Bharat pro-GRAM Samooh to provide ideal conditions for selection of villages under ‘Premium Genome Cluster’ philosophy
vii. Importance of Zebu Cattle Urine (Gau-Mutra)
viii. Principles and Practices of use of Gau-Mutra in modern farming practices. Preparation and use of Gau-Mutra products for farming and in the pharmaceutical industry for treatment of plant, human and animal health problems.
ix. Phyto-pharmaceutical and Panchgavya-Chikitsa
x. Principles and Practices of Panchgavya-based therapeutic system
3. Gauchar Bhoomi Samrakshan (Cattle Grazing Common Property Resource Conservation) for providing innovation in feeding solutions for cattle of villages i. Zebu-cattle based Green Technology Industrial System and role of Gaushla there of
ii. Principles and Practices of modern format of organisations other than Gaushala such as Gau Hostel or Gau Grih in Gauchar Bhoomi of the village.
4. Understanding the role and importance of earth worm (endogenous- belonging to the village ecosystem) i. The role of earthworm in Zebu-cattle based Green Economy
ii. Identification of various local species of earthworms
iii. Principles and Practices of use of endogenous earthworms in transformation of prevalent form of agriculture.
5. Field work/demonstration of production of Inputs of ZBNF, namely, Jivamrita, Ghanamrita which may also promote the use of all kind of farm, animal, other wastes, weeds and herbs alongwith use of effective locally collected micro-organisms such as from ‘uncultivated areas of village near village pond and temple, especially under the shade of the Banyan or Pipal tree around the village pond-temple complex (along with it, bio fertilisers production will also be taught and their use will be demonstrated). To be given by Zonal Coordinators, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana.
6. Production of enriched compost and vermicomposting i) Information on composting material and suitable substrates
ii) Methods of composting
iii) Enriching compost
iv) Final products
v) Quality of compost
vii) Different types of earthworms
viii) Methods of vermicomposting
ix) Quality of vermicomposting
7. Production of bio-control agents- (Neemastra, Brahmastra, Agnestra, Dasparni ark etc.) To be given by Zonal Coordinators, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana
8. IPM techniques - Monitoring techniques of insects, life cycle and eco-friendly management i) Pest monitoring
ii) Differentiating between harmful and friendly insects
iii) Methods of control (Cultural, mechanical, physical and biological)
iv) Use of Bio insect repellent
9. Protected cultivation options i. Protected cultivation definition
ii. Types of protected cultivation structures
iii. Advantages and disadvantages of protected cultivation
iv. Fabrication and maintenance of protected structures
v. Growing of nursery in the protected structures
vi. Cultivation of flowers and vegetables inside the protected structures
vii. Operation and maintenance of irrigation, fertigation and fogging system
viii. Application of panchgavya and cow based products in protected cultivation
ix. Government policy and support to farmers
10. Field work for demonstration of
11 1. Mulching i. Need and importance of mulching.
ii. Types of mulching and their benefits.
iii. Procedure for laying of mulches
iv. Effect of mulching on soil health, water savings and crop yield
12 2. Green manuring i) Crops suitable for green manuring
ii) Brief description for growing green manuring crops
iii) Methods of green manuring
iv) Benefits of green manuring
v) Problem of green manuring
13 3. Sampling and testing of soil for baseline data of the field and for monitoring Soil Testing for monitoring the soil health
1. Objectives
2. Sampling techniques
3. Soil processing
4. Soil test data interpretation
5. Recommendations/suggestions for maintaining and improving soil health


S.No Subject Topics to be Covered
1. Water management through planning of optimized mix of crops (IARI) PDDU i. Need and importance of water management.
ii. Formation of ridges and furrow based on soil type, water source and crop physiology
iii. Irrigation scheduling of mixed crops and cropping system
iv. Integration of drip and micro sprinklers for meeting the crop demand of individual crops grown as mixed crop
v. Economic analysis of the designed system (IARI)
2. Water management as per rules of ZBFNF and with use of Jivamrita, Ghan jivamrita, the Concept of Vaphsa (new understanding in basic plant physiology) shall be made clear with elaborate study material i. To be given by Zonal Coordinators, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana
3. Differences in use of ZBNF inputs shall be compared between traditional water management methods To be given by Zonal Coordinators, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana
4. Advanced method of water management such as drip, sprinkler, micro-sprinkler i. Importance of water management
ii. Benefits of advanced methods of water application
iii. Different types of micro irrigation systems
iv. Selection of micro irrigation system based on crop, soil and climatic situations, design
v. Operation and maintenance of different systems
vi. Integration of advance system with natural farming-options and opportunities (IARI)
5. Other Water conservation techniques (emphasizing Per Drop, More Crop)- farm pond, check dam, bunding, land shaping for slope management; Raised-bed, mulching and laser levelling; Irrigation scheduling and water budgeting i. Need for rain water conservation
ii. Principles of rain water harvesting
iii. Design of farm pond, check dam and bunding based on rainfall, crops, soil type and slope, land shaping,
iv. Formation of ridges and furrow based on crop physiology
v. Laying of mulching
vi. Laser levelling and its benefits
vii. Laser levelling operation
viii. Success stories and employment generation
ix. Irrigation scheduling and principles
x. Amount of water required for crop critical growth stages
xi. Inflow and outflow of water from field/ farm and water budgeting
xii. Conservation of excess water
6. Water quality management Water quality assessment
1. Objectives
2. Sampling techniques
3. Water test data interpretation
4. Recommendations
7. Emphasis on alternative sources of energy shall be clarified as judicious mix of solar, wind, biogas and bullock-power, could be done, in different ways, at different locations i. Energy scenario in the country
ii. Alternate sources of energy and use in natural farming
iii. Design and construction of biogas
iv. Solar system design, installation and maintenance
v. Solar energy use in water pumping and irrigation
vi. Solar energy in protected cultivation
vii. Wind energy uses in coastal and arid region
viii. Use of bullock power in farm implements operations and other farming practices.
8. Success stories (Case studies and videos) relevant to the work of the day


S.No Subject Topics to be Covered
1. Identification of appropriate and locale-specific variety of crops, vegetables, horticulture; focus on production of its seeds and provisioning of quality planting materials useful for the area i) Region specific important varieties of fruit crops.
ii) Points to be remembered before establishing an orchard.
iii) Package of practices to be followed for sustainable yields.
iv) Disease and pest of important fruit crops.
v) Selection of varieties and production technology of tomato, brinjal and chilli
vi) Selection of varieties and production technology of leguminous vegetables
vii) Selection of varieties and production technology of cucurbitaceous vegetables
viii) Selection of varieties and production technology of cole crops
ix) Selection of varieties and production technology of leafy vegetables
x) Selection of varieties and production technology of root crops
xi) Selection of varieties and production technology of onion, garlic and okra
xii) Important Varieties of flower Crops and their package of practice -
Rose, Gladiolus, Chrysanthemum, Marigold, Rajnigandha, China Aster, Orchid, Anthurium, Gerbera
2. Biological materials such as good germplasm of better cattle breeds as well as understanding of species of local earthworms and strains of locale-specific microorganisms etc. To be given by Zonal Coordinators, PT. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana
3. Seed treatment – Beejamrit To be given by Zonal Coordinators, PT. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Siksha Yojana
4. Different cropping patterns (wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, pulses, oilseeds, spices, vegetables etc.) i. Concept of farming Systems
ii. Integrated farming systems
iii. Concept of an ideal IFS
iv. Shifting cultivation
v. Taungya cultivation
vi. Zabo cultivation
5. Multi-layer cropping (Inter species production system) – horizontal and vertical
6. Organic/ZB natural farming-based integrated farming systems (Crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, fish, poultry, duck rearing) Agroforestry
i. Agri-silviculture (crops + trees), which is popularly known as farm forestry
ii. Agri-horticulture (crops + fruit trees);
iii. Silvi-pasture (Trees + pasture + animals);
iv. Agri-horti-silviculture (crops + fruit trees + MPTS + pasture);
v. Horti-silvi-pasture (fruit trees + MPTs+ Pasture);
vi. Agri-silvi-pasture (crops + trees + Pasture);
vii. Homestead agroforestry (multiple combination of various components);
viii. Silvi-apiculture (trees + honey bees);
ix. Agri-pisci-silviculture (crops + fish + MPTS);
x. Pisci-silviculture (Fish + MPTs)
7. Khet Par Med and Med Par Ped (for promotion of Agro-forestry, horticultural and medicinal plants on boundaries of fields) Strategies for the development of small farms
8. Introduction to relevant farm implements, tools and their usages in different farming operations with demonstration Zero energy cool chamber, double serrated sickle/khurpi, Solar powered vending cart, solar powered water lifting pump, animal feed block machine etc.


S.No Subject Topics to be Covered
1. Post-harvest management, processing, value addition, storage, marketing with development of entrepreneurship through mentorship and guidance in the selection of enterprise, its launch with branding i) i) Harvesting, handling and packaging of Hort. produce -- (Maturity indices, harvesting methods, on-farm treatments (pre-cooling, sorting, grading, HWT, edible coating, grading and packing etc.)
ii) Value addition and storage of fruits and vegetables -- (Importance, preparation of different value added products such as jam, murrabaa, candy, ketchup, chutney etc.)
iii) Value addition to cereals and millets (Importance, processing of different products such as puffs, nuts, etc.)
iv) Motivation Entrepreneurship
v) Entrepreneurial opportunities
vi) Launching of enterprise and its sustenance
vii) Schemes for entrepreneurship development in agriculture
Certification of natural farming produce to assure its quality so that it captures the market Certification of organic produce and process, certification agencies, group certification / PGS, marketing strategies, potential organic production areas/ crops of India
Group mobilization for community action- SHG, FPO/FPC, Farmers’ Club and promotion of methods such as custom hiring Approaches for group mobilization, Understanding of group dynamics, Features and functioning of SHG, FPO/FPC Methods of registration Management principles for sustainability of farmers’ organisations Technological options for entrepreneurial initiatives by the farmers’ organisations
Latest marketing tools- Digital and Internet-based cashless system of transactions eNAM, future trading of agricultural commodities
Raising finances and knowledge of Government Schemes and initiatives such as Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, which offer turn-key models of establishing organizational structure for Cluster of Villages in selected villages around the village of Nodal Officer (innovative farmer, who is conducting the training) Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, Usable information for the farmers, Kisan Call Centre, Pusa Agricom, Government schemes (Fasal Bima Yojana, Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana), Certified organic farmers, ATIC, Ag. Extension system, structure